What Causes Heartburn?

What Causes Heartburn? This can be a question that is really disturbing you. First, what is Heartburn? Heartburn is a condition where an individual will feel an irritation along the esophagus due to stomach acid that come into contact with the esophagus. The irritation can lead to a creation of burning discomfort below the breastbone or in the upper abdomen. The cause of the heartburn is the failure of the valve that separates the esophagus and the stomach, where the valve fail to close well leading to the introduction of stomach acid into the esophagus that leads to the burning sensation. There are many triggers of the valve to fail closing well leading to heartburns. The following are factors that can lead to the valve failing to close well leading to heartburns:

1.Hiatal hernia

The valve that is responsible for the closing of the esophagus kwon as lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is supported by muscles of the diaphragm. In the case of Hiatal hernia, part of the stomach budges preventing the muscles from allowing LES to close well. This prevents LES from working well hence allowing acid to be drawn into the esophagus which leads to heartburns.

2. Pregnancy

During the first trimester of pregnancy there are abnormal changes that are experienced. The changes lead to weakening of LES which lead to heartburns .During late stages of pregnancy the great pressure developed in the women abdomen is responsible for pulling LES out of place hence leading to heartburns.

3. Slow digestion

Delayed gastric empting in people can lead to chronic heartburns. In this situation the stomach fails to empty the food the right way leading to the occurrence of heartburns. The condition is common in people with diabetes. When the blood sugar is too high, such as the case of diabetes, it can damage the nerves that are responsible for moving the food forward hence leading to the heartburns.

4. Obesity

People with obesity who tend to eat so much lead to an increase of the pressure on the abdomen. This leads to heartburns. Eating a lot of food that is rich in fats leads to more occurrences of heartburns in obese people.

5. Certain types of foods that lead to LES relaxing

Some foods such as red wine, garlic, black pepper, raw onions, and other spicy foods contribute to heartburns. Other foods that can lead to heartburns include chocolate, citrus fruits, products such as orange juices, tea and soda.

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